A congenital heart disorder is any kind of defect in the heart that is present when the baby is born. These disorders are formed in the first weeks of pregnancy as the baby's heart is developing. Congenital heart defects can also be the result of other birth defects that occur during the baby's formation as well. According to current statistics, at least 30 percent of children with chromosomal abnormalities have heart defects. Some of those conditions include:
Certain congenital heart abnormalities may also be related to exposure to conditions experienced in the early weeks of pregnancy:
- The mother has type 1 diabetes, lupus or phenylketonuria
- The mother has rubella during pregnancy
- The mother used street drugs or alcohol during pregnancy
- The mother has used medicines that can damage the baby’s developing heart (such as some epilepsy drugs and prescription acne medications)
Children with chromosomal abnormalities should be routinely evaluated for heart defects. A fetal echocardiograph may also be recommended if there is a strong family history of certain genetic or chromosomal allergies or if the fetus has been exposed to certain conditions in the early weeks of pregnancy. This can help the heart team determine the severity of the disorder and, if necessary, prepare a plan for medical treatment at birth to give your baby the best possible outcome opportunity.
Who gets a congenital heart defect?
What causes congenital heart defects?
What are the symptoms?
How are congenital heart defects diagnosed?
Testing and diagnosis
Congenital heart defects
Atrial septal defect
Atrioventricular canal defect
Coarctation of the aorta
Double outlet right ventricle
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
Mitral valve prolapse
Patent ductus arteriosus
Pulmonary valve stenosis
Tetralogy of Fallot
Total anomalous pulmonary venous return
Transposition of the great arteries
Ventricular septic defect
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If your child has been diagnosed, you probably have lots of questions. We can help. For resources, education or more information on support, click here. If you would like to schedule an appointment, refer a patient or speak to our staff, please call our offices at 682-885-2140.