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Cook Children's

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease usually begins in childhood and early adulthood. The disease usually begins with the foot creating a high arch that causes difficulty with walking. Very young children may have difficulty learning to walk. The movement disorder specialists at Cook Children are very experienced in the diagnosis of this disease and in providing a treatment that can help improve your child's symptoms so they can participate as much as possible in their day to day life.

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What is it?

Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is a group of genetic disorders that affects movement and feeling in the limbs. The disease progresses slowly and causes damage to the peripheral nerves. These nerves control muscles and transmit sensation.

CMT can be classified in a number of ways:

Who gets it?

The primary risk factor for developing CMT is having family members with this disease. If you have CMT or have risk factors, you may want to talk to a genetic counselor.

What causes it?

CMT is caused by defects in specific genes.

What are the signs and symptoms?

Usually, symptoms first appear in children and young adults. The first sign of CMT is often a high arched foot or difficulty walking. Other symptoms may include:

How is it treated?

Although there is no cure for CMT, treatment may help to improve function, coordination, and mobility. Treatment is also vital to protect against injury due to muscle weakness and reduced sensation. Treatment may include:

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We are here to help.

If your child has been diagnosed, you probably have lots of questions. Call our offices at: 682-885-2500 to schedule an appointment, refer a patient or speak to our staff.

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